World Health Organization
The World Health Organization is a global organization that works on health conditions throughout the world. The WHO works with countries all over the world to help fix health policies to improve health conditions and the quality of life. The World Health Organization is currently working on fixing and improving mental health policies throughout the world. The World Health Organization works on addressing health related issues throughout the world; an important issue they are working on now is mental health.
The World Health Organization is the United Nation’s authority for health. It was established in 1948 to help improve health condition throughout the world. The WHO is made up of 8,000 people from 150 different countries. The headquarters of the World Health Organization is located in Geneva. The WHO is staffed with doctors, public health specialist, scientists, business administrators, and financial experts.
The idea for the World Health Organization began in 1945 right after World War 2. Three doctors from China, Norway, and Brazil developed the idea for the World Health Organization. The UN Conference of International Organizations goal voted to establish the organization. In 1946, a year later the conference approved the World Health Organization. In 1948 the first meeting of the WHO met in Geneva, Switzerland. At the meeting they came up with a list of issues that they decided were important to address first. The priorities they came up with were addressing malaria, tuberculosis, venereal disease, mother and child health, sanitary engineering and nutrition. (McCarthy, Michael, 2010). Since the beginning of the World Health Organization they have helped address and work on many health issues that the world has faced. In 1958, they began working on ending the spread of small pox. Throughout the 1960s they worked on ending yaws, leprosy and trachoma through large campaigns. In 1974 they began a large campaign to vaccinate children worldwide to help fight disease like tuberculosis. During the 1990s they promoted awareness of the risks involved in lifestyle choices and made people aware that their actions could lead them to develop cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes. Another important issue they have helped make people aware of is HIV/AIDS.
Ono, Yutaka (2008) states…(442-449) The WHO has 6 points that they use to improve public health. These 6 points are: promoting development, fostering health security, strengthening health systems, harnessing research, information and evidence, enhancing partnerships, and improving performance. The World Health Organization has worked on promoting development by working with countries with very high poverty to prevent and treat chronic diseases. They have worked on health security by revising the International Health Regulations after a rapid increase of diseases due to the fast growth of cities, the environment being misused, and the improper use of antibiotics. The World Health Organization had worked to improve health systems by supplying countries in poverished areas with the correct equipment and trained staff to give proper health care. The WHO works with very well trained specialists that are well educated in the health field to help them with research, information, and evidence. The WHO works with many other organizations such as other UN agencies, private organizations, investors, and other international organizations. This helps them enhance their partnerships with other organizations. The World Health Organization work on improving their performance by constantly going through reforms that helps improve its efficiency. (Sopko, Kim Moherek, 2010). The World Health Organization creates programs to control and get rid of disease and to improve the quality of human life. The WHO has four main functions. The first function is to give guidance in the field of health. The second function is to set global standards for health. The...
References: McCarthy, Michael. "A brief history of the World Health Organization." The Lancet. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2010. .
Sopko, Kim Moherek. “School Mental Health Service in the United States.” inForum. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2010. .
“World Health Organization.” Medical Schools and Nursing Colleges. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2010. .
De Graaf, Ron, et al. "Early Cannabis Use and Estimated Risk of Later Onset of Depression Spells: Epidemiologic Evidence From the Population-based World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative." American Journal of Epidemiology. 172.2 (2010): 149-159. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 23 Oct. 2010.
Ono, Yutaka, et al. "Prevalence of and risk factors for suicide-related outcomes in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys Japan." Psychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences 62.4 (2008): 442-449. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 23 Oct. 2010.
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