What Is the Rational of Planning for Development in Developing Countries

Topics: United Nations, Development, Developing country Pages: 10 (1460 words) Published: May 15, 2012
what is the rationale for development planning in developing countries? by Vincent Siwawa on Thursday, April 5, 2012 at 6:48pm ·

Among the various purposes oor reasons for developmemt planning in

developing countries include, market failures, foriegn aid, resource

mobilisationand allocation, attittudianl or psychological impact, the

need to get direction, to measure progress, nation building through

public participation, to avoid conflicts and prevent resource from

being wasted and intergration of markets. Thirwall (1999) and Dubell

(1981) agrees that planning is used as an instrument by which

development is accellerated. Development planning is the progreess

procedure , that is intended to be followed step by step in a


Plan is a programme of action or programme for the strategy of a

national government in applying a system of interferences with the

play of market forces thereby conditioning them in such a way as to

give an upward push to the social progreess.Thirwall (1999) defines

development planning as an ideal way for a government to set out its

development objectives and demonstrate initiative in tackling the

country's development problems. Todaro (1994) defines development

planning as an exercise in which a government chooses social

objectives, then set various targets and finally organises a framework

for implementing, co-ordinating and monitoring development. Thus, from

all thee definitions one might argue that planning is essentially

towards development.

Developing countries plan development inorder to achieve sustainable

economic growth,achieve a more equitable distribution of income,

generate employment opportunities and restore a country (Thirwall,

1999). a brazillian politician named Dudley Seers argued that yto him,

the importance of planning for development is the reduction of povert,

unemployment and inequality are the reasons. Thus the rationale for

development planning in developing countries is to eradicate poverty

and equitable distribution of resources.

Market failures is one of the purposes behind planninning foe

development in developing countries. Markets in less developing

countries are permeated by imperfections of strucuture and operations.

Commodity and factor markets are often badly organised and the

existencw of distorted prices often means that are a poor reflection

of the real costs of socuiety of th goods, services and resources.

Hence the government may intervene to intergrate markets and modify

prices. Smith (2003) suggested that the absence of a government plan,

markets will leaq to misallocation of present and future resources or

at leas to an allocation that may not be in the best long run social

interests. Hence development planning is done inorder to achieve the

best possible use of scarce resources.

Futhermore, resource mobilisation and allocation is another reason for

development planning in developing countries. Adelman and Morris

(1975) postulates that developing economies cannot afford tom waste

their very limited financial and skilled human resources on

unproductive ventures. Baker (1992) argues thatplanning ensures

appropriate development of indeginous material, human and

institutional resource hence creating employment opportunities.

Skilled workers must be employed where their contribution will be

widely most felt. Hence developing countries should plan development.

Development planning establishes a yardstick for measuring success.

Dubell (1981) says that people plan inorder to reach goals and

objectives. Thus development planning acts as a guiding line in

achieving developmental goals and objectives. Black and White (2005)

argues that Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) act as a measure for

succeess with numerical and time bound targets and these...
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