CHALLENGES OF THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL AND PROPOSE TACTICAL MEASURES TO OVERCOME THESE CRISES Introduction
i) The United Nations
The United Nations is an international organization instituted with a visionary goal and objective of promoting world peace, security, and cooperation under the terms of the Charter, signed by member countries. Established in 1945 by 51 founding states, the institution has its headquarters at New York City. The focal point of the organization is focus on affairs of the government, politics, and diplomacy worldwide, and encompasses economic and social development programs. Implementation of these development schemes works to improve human rights and reduce conflicts among its member counties. ii) The UN Security Council
The United Nations is composed of the General Assembly (for legislation), a Security Council (for the promotion of peace), a Secretariat (administration and information) as well as the International Court of Justice (for judicial matters). Under the Charter, the Security Council has a primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. While the UN has had its fair share of success, it has also encountered several obstacles in its path of executing peacekeeping missions. This paper investigates the challenges that the Council has stumbled upon in its mandate to maintain world peace and order. Also of importance are the measures and propositions projected to help the Council overcome these barriers. 1. Using examples, explain any five challenges of the UN Security Council in its mandate to maintain world peace and order The world has changed dramatically since the United Nations was established after World War II, but the organization has not adapted to reflect the 21st century. Its aging structure has struggled with new threats like Ebola and terrorist groups that control large areas of its member countries. U.N. members have been discussing change for decades, but agreement has proven impossible because of competing interests. As it approaches its 70th anniversary next year, here are five problems facing the United Nations. a) Outdated Structure and Composition of the UNSC
The same five countries — the victors of World War II — have been the power players since 1945: the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France. They are the only permanent members of the powerful, 15-seat Security Council. These five permanent states enjoy an exclusive right to singlehandedly veto any resolution proposed. The veto power has led to near-paralysis at the council on some major crises like Syria and Ukraine, Rwnda in 1994 as wellas Darfur in 2004. Critics say the Council simply doesn’t represent the world today. At its inception, the U.N. had 51 member states. It now has 193, many of them clamoring for more clout. Often mentioned as countries deserving of permanent Security Council seats are Germany, Japan, India, South Africa, Nigeria and Brazil. But there are no signs the big five intend to give up any power or share it with more countries. This leads to the conclusion that the Council is unfairly represented and it sovereignty unbalanced. b) The Security Council and Expanding Constraints Within Peacekeeping The unprecedented growth in peacekeeping operations has meant unprecedented challenges. The UNSC is at a critical juncture because of the scale of engagement, deteriorating conditions, the increasing complexity of mandates and the growing constraints on our resources. A number of its missions face risks that are so significant that there is a potential for mission failure, with terrible consequences for the entire United Nations. Today’s UN operations do much more than just observe cease-fires. They provide security and access so that humanitarian aid can reach the sick, the hungry, and the desperate. They help protect vulnerable...
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