United Nations Organization (UNO)
The Industrial Revolution in Europe brought many changes in the life of the people. Many big factories were established to produce goods on a large scale in Europe and America. They bought raw materials at a very low price from their colonies and sold them the manufactured goods at a high price. This made these countries very rich and powerful. They made all types of weapons. These countries fought among themselves. Small battles led to big wars. The early part of the 20th century witnessed two World Wars, which involved many countries of the world. The World War I was fought from 1914 to 1918, and the World War II was fought from 1939 to 1945. Millions of people were killed and much property was destroyed during these wars. Human beings had never seen wars of this kind before. They were worried and terrified. After the World War I, the United States and Britain thought that there should be an agency to maintain peace in the world. The League of Nations was formed to prevent another war. But it failed and it could not prevent the World War II, which was even more destructive. This feeling gave birth to the United Nations Organization (UNO), now popularly called the United Nations (UN). The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War. Delegates from fifty countries met in San Francisco to draft a charter for the United Nations. The United Nations came into being on 24th October, 1945. This day, every year, is celebrated as the UN Day throughout the world.
Objectives of UN
The charter of the United Nations is its constitution. Its main objectives are security and development, The United Nations has been made to work for the promotion of: 1. peace and security for every country of the world,
2. friendly relations among the member countries,
3. human freedom and rights, and
4. development, by...
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