Poverty and inequality are closely linked, leading to a higher mortality rate amongst the lower social class. Death rates within the lower class began to soar in comparison to the upper class. Universal health care was introduced in the hopes that the availability of health insurance would be the solution for such high death rates. The lower class is reported to be more at risk to be diagnosed for many severe diseases, stress being the main cause for a majority of diseases. Whether a universal health plan serves as a treatment or not, it still remains difficult to treat lower class citizens and keep them healthy. That being said, it’s easier said than done when it comes to decreasing mortality rates amongst the lower class. The differences in death rates between the upper and lower class began to become noticeable in Britain during the 1950’s, but had become more obvious to the public during the 1970’s. As a solution, the National Health Service began to provide universal health-care services, in hope that mortality rates between the lower and upper class would decrease. Unfortunately, the goal of decreasing death rates by providing health care for all was not achieved. Zhou Bin, the author of “Income Inequality And Individual Health” focused on countries like China, and their approach to solving the nation’s income inequality issues by taking force. “In contrast, more and more studies in other countries since the 1970 ' s have suggested that income inequality is negatively associated with population health at the aggregate level.” (Bin 131) For a better understanding on unequal health, researchers came up with two potential hypotheses: an income inequality and an absolute income hypothesis. The income inequality hypothesis is that your health reflects income inequality. This hypothesis does not exclude any particular social class, proving that even the wealthy apply to health inequality. Based off this hypothesis, those that live in a stratified society are...
Cited: Zhou, Bin, and Yaqiang Qi. "Income Inequality And Individual Health: An Empirical Analysis Of The 2005 Chinese General Social Survey. (English)." Society: Chinese Journal Of Sociology / Shehui 32.5 (2012): 130-150. SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 8 Oct. 2013.
Budrys, Grace. Unequal Health: How Inequality Contributes to Health or Illness. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. Print.
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