To what extent is the UN effective in ensuring peace and security?
The United Nation is an intergovernmental organisation that focuses on the maintenance of international peace and security, with responsibility being placed in the hands of the Security Council. The UN has been effective in ensuring peace and security through the use of peacekeeping missions which target unrest within states, working to establish greater peace. Nevertheless, the UN has over the past years been criticized for its ineffectiveness in dealing with issues regarding peace and security such as the cases of the Rwandan genocide, which highlighted the lack of power that the UN holds, in being able to intervene in humanitarian issues.
The UN has assisted in promoting democratic governance around the world, aiming to eliminate conflicts within states before it can intensify, making way for greater participation and protection of people’s interests. Arguably, the UN has fought continuously for the voting right of people in areas where the ideology of dictatorship or monarchy is still dominating. The UN helped in Cambodia (1993) to rebuild a country shattered by a brutal dictatorship and a dozen years of civil war. The UN force withdrew after organising free elections that put a coalition government in place, thus installing an interim administration in which the government was held accountable to its citizens and worked within its framework to protect the rights of citizens. This shows the work of the UN in the war against dictatorship and totalitarianism, suggesting its effectiveness in its function to maintain peace and security by suppressing conflicts in order to prevent them intensifying which could in turn lead to conflict on the world stage. Nevertheless, it could be argued that the UN has failed in its objective of democracy building around the world in order to maintain peace and ...
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