The impact of National Early Warning Systems NEWS of WANEP on Peace and Security in Nigeria and Ghana

Topics: Conflict, United Nations, West Africa Pages: 72 (16229 words) Published: February 19, 2015
The Impact of National Early Warning Systems (N.E.W.S.) of WANEP on Peace and Security in Nigeria and Ghana

By

Ifeanyi Okechukwu C.
161669

A Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Peace and Conflict, Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Ibadan in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Award of Degree of Master of Arts (M.A.) in Peace and Conflict Studies

Supervisor:

Dr. Nathaniel Danjibo

September 2012

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CERTIFICATION

I certify that this research work was carried out by OKECHUKWU, Ifeanyi C. with Matriculation Number 161669 of the Department of Peace and Conflict Studies Programme, Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria under my supervision

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Supervisor

……………………….
Date

Dr. Nathaniel Danjibo
Department of Peace and Conflict Studies
Institute of African Studies
University of Ibadan,
Ibadan, Nigeria.
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DEDICATION

To all Peacemakers in West Africa

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

My immense gratitude goes to Ononuju Okwaragwoma for his assistance throughout the duration of my research. Also to all monitors and analysts of the National Early Warning System of WANEP in Ghana and Nigeria.

My colleagues and friends at the secretariat I say thank you for your encouragement.

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LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
AU

African Union

CSO

Civil Society Organizations

ECOSOC

Economic, Social and Cultural Council

ECOWARN ECOWAS Warning and Response Network
ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

ECPF

ECOWAS Conflict Prevention Framework

EWS

Early Warning System

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GPPAC

Global Partnership for Prevention of Armed Conflict

HRW

Human Rights Watch

HSC

Human Security Centre

ICT

Information, Communication and Technology\

IGO

International Governmental Organizations

IPCR

Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution

NEWS

National Early Warning System

NGO

Non Governmental Organizations

PVO

Private Voluntary Organizations

REC

Regional Economic Council

UN

United Nations

UNDP

United Nations Development Program

UNEP

United Nations Environmental Program

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

WANEP

West Africa Network for Pecebuilding

WANSA

West African Network on Small Arms

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ABSTRACT
The study examines impact and contribution of the National Early Warning System (NEWS) of WANEP to peace and human security in Ghana and Nigeria as a logical response to the absence of a sustainable platform for analysis and preventive response to emerging trends and patterns of violent conflicts considered as a growing threat to political stability and development in the West Africa Sub region with special emphasis on Ghana and Nigeria. The objectives of this study are to establish the relevance of the WANEP National early warning platform to peace and security in two pilot countries of Ghana and Nigeria. It will also analyze the significance of civil society organization’s contribution to early warning and response in the two countries. Additionally, it will determine the relationship between state and non state actors in the operations of the N.E.W.S. in Ghana and Nigeria.

To achieve the objectives, semi-structured questionnaire was used to elicit data from identified respondents. Purposive sampling technique was adopted based on the fact that the sample population was already predetermined based on their active participation in the National Early Warning System in Ghana and Nigeria. Also secondary data using content analysis of relevant literatures was used. The analysis of the data was both descriptive and exploratory. The major findings of the analysis are that conflict early warning is an important platform for proactive prevention or mitigation of conflict and insecurity in Ghana and Nigeria. And the structure of the...

References: Security Centre (UN, 2005), the developmental and security consequences of armed
conflicts cannot be over-stated
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