Pesticide Poisoning in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe is a country slightly larger than Montana and is located in the southern end of Africa between South Africa and Zambia. According to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), it has a tropical climate with a population density that consists of 12,619,600 people (Central Intelligence Agency, 2012). Also, the birth rate in Zimbabwe is 32.19 for every 1,000 people in the population, and the death rate is 12.38 for every 1,000 people in the population. Additionally, the infant mortality rate is 28.23 deaths in every 100,000 births. Zimbabwe citizens should expect to live about fifty-two years (Central Intelligence Agency, 2012). Their government is a parliamentary democracy in which the prime minister has the greatest representation in the government” (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012). We are all familiar with the constant threat of infectious diseases in Africa, but there are other hazards that citizens of this area face that are equally worrisome. One of these hazards is called pesticide poisoning, and it is a major concern for the citizens of Zimbabwe.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),” when used properly pesticide sprays increase crop production, preserve produce, combat insect infestations, and control exotic species” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). However, if safety measures are not enforced and these products are not adequately regulated, they may result in Acute Pesticide Poisoning, or APP. The CDC tells us that “agricultural workers, groundskeepers, pet groomers, fumigators, and a variety of other occupations are at risk for exposure to pesticides…” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations also points out that “malnutrition and dehydration increase a person’s sensitivity to pesticides” (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2004). This is one of the reasons that APP is more...
References: Agriculture and Rural Development. (2007). Pesticide toxicity hazard and risk. Retrieved from
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Pesticide illness & injury surveillance.
Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/
Central Intelligence Agency. (2012). Africa: Zimbabwe. Retrieved from
Encyclopedia Britannica. (2012). Parliamentary democracy. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Thundiyil, J.G., Stober, J., Besbelli, N., & Pronczuk, J. (2008). Acute pesticide poisoning: A proposed classification tool. World Health Organization, 86(3), 161-240. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/en/
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