Outline the conditions that give rise to the need for law reform in world order and discuss the role of agencies of reform in achieving world order
World order is the concept of peace and regulation within all nation states of the world. The most important component of world order is a world full of peace, greater equality and freedom from suffering. However the initiative of world order is evidently an ideal. For this reason, along with the changing nature of the law and the international community, lawmakers constantly reform international law to ensure that it is effective in achieving world order.
Law reform is the changing for improvements in order to remove injustices to make the law more effective. The United Nations is the key agency for reform in international law. The General Assembly contains representatives from all the UN’s member states and is important in codifying of international law. Issues of concern are discussed which leads to conventions and treaties. Such conventions as the Geneva Convention reformed the regulation of war and humanising conflict. This was to make implementing fundamental human rights more effective for each individual. Under this convention prisoners of war must be dealt with as humanly as possible at all times and not be put on display for propaganda purposes. This was not the case with Iraqi prisoners of war where the Geneva conventions were violated by broadcasting pictures of toured prisoners of war. Reform was necessary in this situation to improve equality and human rights.
A treaty such as the ANZUS treaty was also important in reform and maintaining world order. The multi-lateral between Australia, New Zealand and the United States in 1984 stated that the nations would help each other in the event of an attack. However it was not fully successful in ensuring that international law was effective as New Zealand withdrew after a disagreement with the United States. In regards to reforms and treaties, Australia has been important in the reform of the United Nations Human Rights Treaty. It was found that Australia’s initiatives such as more support from the Secretariat, have improved the effectiveness of the treaty to be a strong supporter of an effective human rights treaty body system.
A prevalent issue that the United Nations has aimed at addressing is the threat of terrorism. Terrorism is defined by the US Department of Defence as "the unlawful or threatened use of force or violence against individuals or property to coerce or intimidate governments or societies, often to achieve political, religious, or ideological objectives.". The UN has various ways of addressing terrorism through many of its organs. The United Nations’ Security Council created the Counter Terrorism Committee to help address this issue. In 2005 it was stated that they “condemn terrorism in all forms and manifestations, committed by whomever, whenever, and for whatever purposes as it constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security.” The General Assembly also tries to address terrorism by aiming to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms whilst countering terrorism. The Convention of Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism was created under the General Assembly in 1996. The International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings was also adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1997. Fundamentals aiming to prevent terrorism are evident in the United Nations Charter. These are with respect to threats and breaches of peace and acts of aggression. Australia has made a step in entrenching international conventions on terrorism in domestic law with the Anti-terror legislation passed in 2005. However, this has not been fully effective in suppressing terrorism and achieving world order, evident with the case of Jihad Jack Thomas. The man said he “agreed to do some work” for Osama bin Laden on an interview on Four Corners. However, the...
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