One of the highest priorities of international development is to reduce poverty. In recent years, the definition of poverty has evolved together with a better understanding of the nature of poverty itself and its underlying determinants. Human rights provide a normative framework in which vulnerable groups are empowered and recognized as principal actors and subjects of law. They are not merely perceived as victims. Empowerment of the poor develops another dimension of poverty since empowerment is the expansion of assets and capabilities of poor people to participate in, negotiate with, influence, control, and hold accountable institutions that affect their lives UN (1997) In 1990, the World Bank’s World Development Report gave a key role to poverty reduction in development by integrating in its definition of poverty not only low income, but also capabilities such as health, education and nutrition, and by stressing the interactions among these dimensions. History tells us how people have had to fight for their rights. The cornerstone in this struggle has always been political activism and people’s movement’s national liberation movements, peasants movements, women’s movements, movements for the rights of indigenous people. Often, the desire of people to be free and to enjoy their rights started the struggle. At the beginning of the 20th century a scant 10% of the world’s people lived in independent nations. By its end the great majority lived in freedom, making their own choices. Alston (2002) described The Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 as a breakthrough, ushering in a new era with the world community taking on realization of human rights as a matter of common concern and a collective goal of humanity. In tackling this question of empowerment process, the empowerment process will be assessed whether the process that is derived from human rights that can bring about development. Indeed, human rights provide a framework for poverty eradication in different ways. Poverty is at the same time the cause and the consequence of human rights violations: a cause because the poor remain invisible and, thus, far from attempts to help them claim their rights, and because the manifestations of poverty are hunger, homelessness and illiteracy, among many others a consequence, because poverty can derive from an action or omission, that is, a violation of a human right, such as the lack of access to basic healthcare resources and forced eviction for example, in other words, poverty reflects a violation of human rights where the poor are deprived of the enjoyment of those human rights, or simply have no rights at all in this case if the poor have no privileged to exercise their human rights then the process of development would not take place. Narayan (2002) explains that empowering the poor men and women requires the removal of formal and informal institutional barriers that prevent them from taking action to improve their wellbeing individually or collectively and limit their choices. The key formal institutions include the laws, rules, and regulations up held by states, markets, civil society, and international agencies. Informal institutions include norms of social solidarity, sharing, social exclusion, and corruption. If these issues are not addressed then the process of empowering the poor cannot exist thereby hindering the development process. Empowerment refers broadly to the expansion of freedom of choice and action to shape one’s life. It implies control over resources and decisions. For poor people, that freedom is severely curtailed by their voice less ness and power lessness in relation particularly to the state and markets Stern (2005). Since powerlessness is embedded in a culture of unequal institutional relations. A growing body of evidence points to the linkages between empowerment and development effectiveness both at the society-wide level and at the grass roots level. Empowerment approaches can...
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