The Affordable Health Care Act: A solution that addresses the importance of health promotion and non-communicable disease prevention in a globalizing world economy.
According to the World Health Organization, health encompasses the direct and indirect factors that affect physical, mental, and social well-being, which includes the ability to function within the context of the political, economic, social, environmental, cultural, ecological, agricultural, demographical, scientific research, ethical, and technological spheres that influence individuals and the factions in which they reside.1 Departing from a traditional medical perspective, this conceptualization transcends the paradigm that health is merely the absence of disease, injury, disability, or infirmity. This multifaceted approach to health transcends the boundaries of the medical sector to include: 1) microscopic interactions between individuals living within their communities; 2) mesoscopic considerations of communities in relation to available medical and non-medical services that affect health and well-being of individuals; and 3) macroscopic factors at the governmental level that influence the resources and services available at the community level. The Millennium Development Goals set forth by the United Nations reveal a relationship between global public health and human welfare that begins at the microscopic level. Citing the eradication of hunger, increasing access to education, promotion of gender equality, and environmental sustainability as important aspects on the international front, these Millennium Development Goals, that are indirectly related to health, arguably call for broad, multisectoral policy-level interventions by the United States government for its own people. Of the eight Millennium Development Goals, three are directly related to improving health including: the improvement of child health, the improvement of maternal health and the reduction of infectious diseases. Again,...
References: 1. Callahan D. The WHO definition of 'health '. Stud Hastings Cent. 1973;1(3):77-88.
2. Koh HK, Sebelius KG. Promoting prevention through the affordable care act. N Engl J Med. 2010;363(14):1296-1299.
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