Street Children: a Journey Into Paradise

Topics: Philippines, Homelessness, Poverty Pages: 7 (2625 words) Published: July 15, 2013
Street Children: A Journey into Paradise

OUTLINE
TOPIC: Street Children
TITLEStreet Children: A Journey into Paradise

I. The Course of Lost Childhood
A. Factors of Street Children Existence
B. Life of Street Children
C. Street Children Phenomenon

II. Dealing with Street Children
A. The Lost Childhood
B. Health Conditions
C. Coping Strategies
D. Probable Solutions

III. Outcome of the Study
A. Adoption in the Philippines
B. ?

IV.

Chapter I
The Course of Lost Childhood
A street child is a young person, under the age of 15, who lives and sleeps in the streets, whose family ties are broken and can’t or won’t return home. They experience family problems, hunger, neglect and domestic violence so they escape from their homes and live part–time on the streets without their families. Each has to learn how to survive alone. Since no adult takes responsibility for them in the street. They live or rather struggle to survive. These children are usually found in the downtown areas, near stations and shopping malls or in garbage dumps for these places provide them food or something to live and survive. Street children are child workers. They face many hardships while living on the streets which are away from support systems and family. Most of these children are illiterate. They don’t have incentive, money or support and encouragement to study because most of them have dropped out of elementary school. They join street gangs for their own protection and they usually engaged themselves in scavenging, child labor, begging, peddling drugs and petty theft. They work, beg and steal to survive. Many end up in jail, but often times their rights are frequently abused by the police while on the streets. Because of the intense poverty experienced by most of the families in or country today, many children are abandoned and are highly vulnerable to street life. Some are sent by their families into the cities with their hopes that a child will be able to earn money for them who are waiting at home. Those children who run away from home or from children’s institutions are frequently those people who often end up on the streets. They rarely return home due to dysfunctional families, or physical, mental and/or sexual abused they experienced in their places. Psychologists and social workers refer these problems as family disintegration or the breakdown of the nuclear family. This breakdown will result to homelessness and the start of child’s life on the street which extremely detrimental to them and which is very common in the Philippine society. The social phenomenon of street children is increasing as the developing world’s population grows. According to the 1998 report titled "Situation of the Youth in the Philippines," there are about 1.5 million street children in the Philippines. Everyday a street child is seen walking along the streets, looking for a place to stay. According to the survey, estimated street children found in Mindanao regional total to 22,556 which is highly visible in the cities and the estimated total of all street children in Mindanao is 138,328. Approximately 70% of the children are boys. In Davao City, number of street children is still continuously increasing until this time. The Davao City Local Development Plan for Children (2003-2007) says that in 2000, Davao had 1,505 street children. This figure more than doubled the following year to 3,213. According to the child-rights group Tambayan, most of the city’s street children belong to gangs. This population is consists already of the three different categories: the children on the street, who works on the streets but do not live there. They generally have a home to return to after working and even some of them continues to attend school while working long hours on the streets. Another is the children of the street who makes their homes on the street and often creates a sort of family among...

References: HOME FOR GIRLS AND WOMEN. (2010). http://www.fo11.dswd.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=111&Itemid=95
Life as a Street Child. http://www.casa-alianza.org.uk/northsouth/CasaWeb.nsf/HomePage?OpenPage
Street Children and Homelessness. (2004). http://www.cyc-net.org/cyc-online/cycol-0904-Homelessness.html
The Life of Street Children in the Philippines and Initiatives to Help Them. (2005). http://cpcabrisbane.org/Kasama/2005/V19n3/LifeOfStreetChildren.htm
Daily Life of Street Children. http://wikis.lib.ncsu.edu/index.php/Daily_Life_of_Street_Children
Poverty, Abuse Force Davao’s Children to the Streets. (2007). http://www.pinoypress.net/2007/12/27/poverty-abuse-force-davaos-children-to-the-streets/
Literacy and feeding program for the street and poor children. http://davaocity.olx.com.ph/literacy-and-feeding-program-for-the-street-and-poor-children-iid-121576470
Adoption in the Philippines. http://bccphil.com/pdf/adoption.pdf
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