The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid
Sociology of Developing Countries
July 22, 2015
A lot can be said about foreign aid to decide its effectiveness. If we were to make an assessment in the eyes of a developing counties citizen we might think progress has been made. Extreme poverty is still haunting us in many parts of this fragile world. The transfer of services, or goods from one country to another is foreign aid. Aid is given in many ways – from food aid, military assistance, and emergency assistance and many more. If we were to discuss the effectiveness of these, it might depend on how the differing forms of aid are being administered to each person and considering its social, political, and economic environment. These forms of aid are influential in pushing for progress in among the developing nations, but the presence of war greatly affects progress. War has a bearing impact on the distribution of foreign aid in the developing nations due to the resulting impediments that hinder effective movements of the aid to the intended population. Somalia has faced civil war for decades due to the lack of a stable government. The effect of the war is eminent; poor infrastructure, starving population, disease outbreaks and mass displacements of the country’s citizens into refugee camps. The country has also received large amounts of aid to assist it in its current troubles, but due the continued war in the country no substantial gain has been reported. Judging from countries facing similar conditions, it becomes apparent that key is vital for the effectiveness of foreign aid failure to which no significant development can occur. Issues such as famine which cannot be properly alleviated due to poor resources, disease outbreaks, for example, malaria and HIV outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa, among other issues. The role of aid is to provide a cushion for the developing states from the devastating effects of such issues as well as to enhance their development so that the nations can develop sustainable future mechanisms of preventing such issues without necessarily relying on foreign aid. Peace is key in effective distribution of aid. Most developing nations that have maintained peace have reported improvement from social issues that might have arisen due to their economic state. This is because peace confers some advantages necessary for the distribution of foreign aid. Most of the wars present developing nations are politically instigated, which implies that peace in developing states is synonymous with political stability as is the case with almost every African state (Besley & Persson, 2011). Provision of foreign aid to Somalia has not helped to reduce warfare and poverty. This has been fueled by lack of community participation in targeting. Community representation in the process of selecting the needy people to access the foreign aid has often been unbalanced. Self-appointed leaders and community elders are involved in making these decisions. Results show foreign aid has in most cases benefited those with relative power as opposed to those with critical need for such assistance. These resources are limited to those with that have information resources and access to specific areas such as displacement camps. These representatives make decisions on who receives aid and in other scenario require the recipient to remit certain portions of the aid. Most cases, these representatives in distribution of aid are political actors, businesspersons, senior community or clan members, and other influential groups and individuals. Because of these influences, aid is not primarily distributed in an impartial manner or based on impartiality (Hammon & Vaughan-Lee, 2012). The legitimate leadership of Somalia has taken some steps in ensuring that the foreign aid awarded to the nation reaches the targeted areas. Some of the actions include military combat in cooperation with foreign forces such as the Kenya Defense Forces...
References: Besley, T., & Persson, T. (2011). The logic of political violence.pdf
Nielsen, R. A., Findley, M. G., Davis, Z. S., Candland, T., & Nielson, D. L. (2011). Foreign aid shocks as a cause of violent armed conflict.pdf
Hammon, L., and Vaughan-Lee, H. (2012).Humanitarian Space in Somalia: a Scarce Commodity. Humanitarian Policy Group Working Paper.
Cooper, T. L. (2013). Civil war and military intervention: toward a more systematic approach.pdf
Rotberg, R., (2010). When states fail: causes and consequences. Princeton University Press.
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