In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements
of the subject
a) Overview of the study
b) Statement of the problem
c) Significance of the study
Findings and Discussion
According to the testimony to the U.S. House Committee on International Relations, street children are those children who, when they experience family problems, hunger, neglect and domestic violence, escape from their homes and live part–time on the streets. When they are settled and know street survival techniques, they return at times to their hovels and shacks to visit their families and bring food for their younger brothers and sisters. When they see that the food they bring is not enough, they return to the street and their brothers and sisters sometimes follow them, looking for the source of the food. Street kids are considered pests by some of the business community—as vermin to be exterminated. But some of them have committed no crime and are the victims of the wrongdoing of uncaring and corrupt politicians and abusive, impoverished parents. According to UNICEF, an estimated 100 million children worldwide live at least part of their time on the streets. In the Philippines, a government report in 1998 put the figure at 1.2 million street children—about 70,000 of them in Metro Manila alone. Another report estimates that there are approximately 1.5 million children on the streets working as beggars, pickpockets, drug abusers and child prostitutes (ECPAT). Today, the number of children and youth living part of their lives on the streets in the Philippines could reach two million out of a total population of 84 million (Cullen, 2005). Neglected by society and government, street children are deprived of education, proper nutrition, and medical care. They suffer and die from various, often easily treatable, diseases such as head lice, skin parasites, pneumonia, tuberculosis and a host of sexually transmitted diseases, including, yet not limited to, gonorrhoea, syphilis and AIDS. Police overwhelmingly view and treat these street children as sub-human; unworthy of basic human rights. While it is true that those street children are sometimes involved in petty theft, drug-trafficking, and other criminal activities, the police often assume that violence and brutality are the only means of dealing with this problem. They unjustifiably see a hardened criminal in every street child. For the police and other security forces, street children represent easy and silent targets. They are young, small, poor, ignorant of their rights, and often have no family or advocates who will come to their defense. It does not require much time or effort to detain and torture a child to coerce a confession, and street children are unlikely to register formal complaints (Berezina, 2011). Many of the street children use drug as a form of defensive mechanism to deal with their hardships. Drug use is the most harmful malpractice in any society. It deteriorates both physical and mental health of a user. Drug use is also associated with crimes such as domestic violence, sexual harassment including theft and robbery. Generally, children are exposed to drugs is from 11 to 14 years (Dhital, 2002). Manila, Philippines - Administration senatorial bet Aurora Rep. Juan Edgardo “Sonny” Angara warned of a "very alarming" increase in the number of street children who are addicted to either illegal drugs or alcohol. The congressman said that this substance and alcohol abuse among street children have been blamed for the upsurge in street crimes in the country. A recent study of the World Health Organization showed an increase in solvent use among street kids in the country (San Pedro, 2013). The most common drug that these street children take is Rugby, a brand of contact...
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