THE ROLE OF THE UNITED NATIONS
IN THE CHANGING WORLD
Piotr Bystrek, IBP ¹ 12062
"WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED
*to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
*to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and
*to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and
*to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
AND FOR THESE ENDS
*to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and
*to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and
*to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and
*to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples,
HAVE RESOLVED TO COMBINE OUR EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISH THESE AIMS
Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an international organization to be known as the United Nations".
Those are words from Preamble of Charter of the United Nations. The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into existence on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter. The day is now celebrated each year around the world as United Nations Day. The purpose of the United Nations is to bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development, based on the principles of justice, human dignity and the well-being of all people. It affords the opportunity for countries to balance global interdependence and national interests when addressing international problems. There are currently 191 Members of the United Nations. They meet in the General Assembly, which is the closest thing to a world parliament. Each country, large or small, rich or poor, has a single vote; however, none of the decisions taken by the Assembly are binding. Nevertheless, the Assembly's decisions become resolutions that carry the weight of world government opinion. The United Nations Headquarters is in New York City but the land and buildings are international territory. The United Nations has its own flag, its own post office and its own postage stamps. Six official languages are used at the United Nations - Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. The UN European Headquarters is in the Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland. It has offices in Vienna, Austria and Economic Commissions in Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, Amman in Jordan, Bangkok in Thailand and Santiago in Chile. The senior officer of the United Nations Secretariat is the Secretary-General.
The Aims of the United Nations:
*To keep peace throughout the world.
*To develop friendly relations between nations.
*To work together to help people live better lives.
* to eliminate poverty, disease and illiteracy in the world.
* to stop environmental destruction.
* to encourage respect for each other's rights and freedoms.
*To be a centre for helping nations achieve these aims.
The Principles of the United Nations:
*All Member States have sovereign equality.
*All Member States must obey the Charter.
*Countries must try to settle their differences by peaceful means.
*Countries must avoid using force or threatening to use force.
*The UN may not interfere in the...
United Nations: 50 Years of Peace and War, University of California Press, John Taylor, Phd. 1998
United Nations Published Charter
The History of The United Nations, Paladin Press, Jonathon Kingsley. 1994
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