Role Of United Nations In The Development Of International Law

Topics: United Nations, United Nations Security Council, United Nations General Assembly Pages: 9 (2735 words) Published: February 8, 2015
1. Introduction:
As there is no international legislature and the international police force the only way by which the international law can be passed and enforced, is the consent of the states. It’s cannot be expected that, every states will agree in different situation and subject matter so that a strong international organization like United nations , need to do this for maintaining peace and security of the whole world. A Law must be flexible and up to date as the situation and time, so the international law also need to developed as the circumstances. The United Nations plays a vital role in the development, codification of International law. The International Law Commission, established by the General Assembly in 1948, is the primary institution responsible for these activities. 1.1. The United Nations:

The United Nations is world's largest, foremost, and most prominent international organization. The stated aims of the United Nations include promoting and facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, civil rights, civil liberties, political freedoms, democracy, and the achievement of lasting world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions. Since 2011, the UN has 193 member states. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. The organization has six principal organs: 1. General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly)

2. Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); 3. Economic and Social Council
(For assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development) 4. Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN) 5. International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ) 6. United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive)1 Due to its unique international character, and the powers vested in its founding Charter, the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues. The work of the United Nations reaches every corner of the globe. Although best known for peacekeeping, peace building, conflict prevention and humanitarian assistance, there are many other ways the United Nations and its System prevention and humanitarian assistance, there are many other ways the United Nations and its System affect our lives and make the world a better place.2

1.2. International law:
International Law defines the legal responsibilities of States in their conduct with each other, and their treatment of individuals within State boundaries. Its domain encompasses a wide range of issues of international concern such as human rights, disarmament, international crime, refugees, migration, problems of nationality, and the treatment of prisoners, the use of force, and the conduct of war, among others. It also regulates the global commons, such as the environment, sustainable development, international waters, outer space, global communications and world trade.3

2. Relationship between international law and United Nations: International law is a primary concern of the United Nations. The mandate for the activities in this field emanates from the Charter of the United Nations which, in its Preamble, sets the goal "to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained”. It is obvious that, in the world there need a rules and regulation for the maintaining the peace and security and also need to enforced that rules and regulation. As given above it is not easy to do because the philosophy of the states will be different according to the point...

References: 1. Malcolm N.shaw, International Law, Fourth edition (Cambridge University Press)
2. Martin Dixon, Textbook on International Law, sixth edition (Oxford University Press)
3. Arif Khan, INTERNATIONAL LAW AND HUMEN RIGHTS BANGLADESH PRESPECTIVE (CCB foundation)
4. Hari Om Agarwal , International Law & Human Rights, (Central Law Publications)
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