COURSE- WORLD ISSUES IN PUBLIC HEALTH
PRINCIPLES OF THE ETHICAL PRACTICE OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Principle #1- Public health should address principally the fundamental causes of disease and requirements for health, aiming to prevent adverse health outcomes.
1. Public Health should address principally the fundamental causes of disease and requirements for health, aiming to prevent adverse health outcomes. This Principle addresses not only the prevention of disease and promotion of health through addressing the requirements necessary to attain or maintain health but it addresses health on the most basic level. Yet the principle acknowledges that public health will also concern itself with some immediate causes and some curative roles. For example, the treatment of curable infections is important to the prevention of transmission of infection to others. The term "public health" is used here and elsewhere in the Code to represent the entire field of public health, including but not limited to government institutions and schools of public health. This first statement in the twelve principles of the ethical practice of public health: Recognizes the ethical value the public health community gives to prevention. Considers the full spectrum of the determinants of health.
Identifies the range of options for interventions that correspond to the full spectrum of determinants of health Ethical principles of the practice of public health
1. Humans have a right to the resources necessary for health 2. Humans are inherently social and interdependent- meaning humans look to each other for support and companionship in the relationships they lead. E.g family, friendships and communities. By doing this they rely upon each other for safety and survival, and this is possible in more positive relationships. 3. The effectiveness of institutions depends heavily on the public’s trust- truth telling, transparency, accountability, reliability and reciprocity, listening to as well and speaking with the community. 4. Collaboration is a key element to public health- between the various public health infrastructures in terms of the agencies, working together of these agencies in order attains proper efficiency and problem solving capabilities. 5. People and their physical environment are interdependent- People depend on the resources of their natural and constructed environments for life itself, therefore a damaged or unbalance environment and poorly constructed environment or one in poor condition will have adverse effects on the health of people. Also we know this term goes both ways meaning people play an important role in maintaining their environment as well. 6. Each person in a community should have an opportunity to contribute to public discourse. 7. Identifying and promoting the fundamental requirements of health in a community are a primary concern to public health- most health programs are curative in nature but we must never lose sight of the underlying causes and prevention. 8. Knowledge is important and powerful- improvement of health care and understanding health through research and accumulation of knowledge. 9. Science is the basis for much of our public health knowledge- scientific methods, objectivity, using a full range of scientific tools and methods of evaluation of policies and of programs to protect and promote health. 10. People are responsible to act on the basis on what they know- Public health should seek to transfer available knowledge to the public so they may make informed decisions about their health. 11. Action is not based on information alone.
These ethical principles hold a major basis toward the prevention of health issues in a community. The community should be aware and fully knowledgeable about their ethical right and privileges. The determinants of health depend largely on the circumstances and environment of people and the community. It does not mean whether someone is health or...
References: Health Impact Assessment (HIA). (n.d.).WHO. Retrieved June 30, 2013, from http://www.who.int/hia/evidence/doh/en/index.html
Principles of the Ethical Practice of Public Health (2002) | CSEP : Codes Repository. (n.d.). Welcome | ethics.iit.edu. Retrieved June 30, 2013, from http://ethics.iit.edu/ecodes/node/4734
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