Programs, Policies, and Social Conditions that Contribute to Health Inequity PH 6018

Topics: Health care, Health disparities, Breast cancer Pages: 4 (1202 words) Published: February 19, 2014

Programs, Policies, and Social Conditions that Contribute to Health Inequity

Introduction
Health inequalities inequities are unjust differences in health status that are experienced by certain populations or group preventable, this differences can be prevented. Individuals that belong to the lower socio-economic groups in the society, are more likely to experience chronic illnesses and die earlier than those who are more advantaged. Health inequalities are not only apparent between people of different socio-economic groups, they exist between different genders and different ethnic groups (Institute of Public Health, 2011). The more favorable an individual’s social circumstances such as income or education, the better your chance of enjoying good health and a longer life. While there is a significant gap between the wealthy and the poor, the relationship between social circumstances in health is in fact a graded one (Institute of Public Health, 2011). Cancer is one of the major causes of disparities between minorities and the majority European-American population (Edberg, 2007). According to a data presented at the American Association for Cancer Research, racial/ethnic inequalities in breast cancer aggressiveness might be explained by some social factors that influence the tumor that is developing and place those in disadvantaged groups at higher risk for aggressive breast cancer. Socioeconomic disadvantages have been established using four measurements; individual income, individual education and two census tract measures of socioeconomic status — concentrated disadvantage and concentrated affluence (American Association for Cancer Research , 2012).

Group that have been adversely affected by these disadvantages Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the United States. African American and black women are 40% more likely to die of breast cancer than any other race, they also have the...

References: American Association for Cancer Research . (2012, October 29). AACR in the News- Socioeconomic Disadvantage Linked to Breast Cancer Tumor Disparity. Retrieved from American Association for Cancer Research : http://www.aacr.org/home/public--media/aacr-in-the-news.aspx?d=2956
Center for Disease Control and prevention . (2012, November 14). Breast Cancer Disparities. Retrieved from Center for Disease Control and prevention : http://www.cdc.gov/features/vitalsigns/breastcancer/
Center for Disease Control and prevention . (2012, August 13). Factors That Contribute to Health Disparities in Cancer. Retrieved from Center for Disease Control and prevention : http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/healthdisparities/basic_info/challenges.htm
Department of Health and Human Services . (2011, April). HHS Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. Retrieved from Department of Health and Human Services : http://www.minorityhealth.hhs.gov/npa/files/Plans/HHS/HHS_Plan_complete.pdf
Edberg, M. (2007). Culture, Diversity, and Health Disparities: Are Current Theories Relevant? In M. Edberg, Essentials of Health Behavior: Social and Behavioral Theory in Public Health (p. 166). Sudbury : Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Institute of Public Health. (2011). Health inequalities . Retrieved from Institute of Public Health: http://www.publichealth.ie/healthinequalities/healthinequalities
Sisters Network . (2012). New Cases. Retrieved from Sisters Network : http://sistersnetworkinc.org/breastcancerfacts.html
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