"Europe saw greater political changes than continuities following the 2nd World War."
World War II (WWII) was a pivotal event that reshaped the Europe very much in terms of international politics. I agree to a large extent that Europe did see greater political changes than continuities following WWII. The most evident changes of which were that the United States of America (USA) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) gained international dominance in the world arena and that the United Nations (UN) was established following the League of Nations' demise.
WWII saw the decline of the Great Powers, mainly Britain and France, as well as the rise of USA and USSR as the two superpowers in the world. During WWII, Britain and France were drastically affected both in terms of their economy and military due to WWII. Britain expanded a great amount of resources in WWII and contributed troops to other allies, while the German Nazi invaded France in 1940, thereby being no more France during the rest of WWII. As such, Britain and France were no longer able to sustain their colonies. Even though France was unwilling to give their colonies up and fought to maintain its empire, they had to give their colony up as they were financially incapable of upkeeping their colonies. Britain and France were greatly depleted by WWII, losing their stand on the world stage.
At the beginning of WWII, USA provided Britain with the supplies it needed to fight Germany through a lend-lease agreement (formally titled An Act to Further Promote the Defense of the United States) in exchange for a joint action directed towards the creation of a liberalised international economic order in the postwar world. USA suffered little strain on military resources and financial resources. Throughout their involvement in WWII, USA did not suffer much infrastructural loss. The only site at which a land battle was fought on an incorporated territory of USA was on Attu Island, a mere...
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