moles and roles

Topics: United Nations, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Charter Pages: 5 (1506 words) Published: March 8, 2014
Good evening ladies and gentlemen and welcome to the Apex Club of 2013, my name is James Bajjada and tonight, I shall discuss and introduce the notion of Australia as a global citizen and the role our country has played in promoting World wide peace, security and equality. What is a Global citizenship? Global Citizenship is about understanding the need to tackle injustice and inequality, and having the desire to do so. It is about valuing the Earth as precious and unique, and safeguarding the future for those coming after us. Global Citizenship is a way of thinking and behaving. It is an outlook on life and a belief that we can make a difference.

The term United Nations was first spoken by the United States President of the time Franklin D. Roosevelt. The notion of an organisation of this intention was first created in January 1942 (during the second World War) when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers. Three years later representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organisation to draw up the United Nations Charter. The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. Poland, which was not represented at the Conference, signed it later and became one of the 51 original Member States.The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been consummated by the five majority members that were; China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States. The current Secretary-General is Ban Ki-moon of South Korea, who took office on 1 January 2007. His first term expired on 31 December 2011. He was re-elected, unopposed, to a second term on 21 June 2011 The United Nations Aims are to;

-To keep and maintain peace throughout the world.
-To develop friendly relations between nations.
-To work together to help people live better lives, to eliminate poverty, disease and illiteracy in the world, to stop environmental destruction and to encourage respect for each other's rights and freedoms. To be a centre for helping nations achieve these aims. The United Nations consists of six major principal organs which are; the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat. Each Seat of Office has a particular role that plays a crucial role in the process of UN intervention. The General Assembly is the policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations. Comprising all 193 Members of the UN and deals with international issues covered by the Charter. The Security Council responds to crises around the world on a case-by-case basis and it has a range of options at its disposal. The Security Council also monitors the work of UN Peacekeeping operations on an ongoing basis. The Economic and Social Council is the principal organ to coordinate the economic, social and related work of the United Nations. The Trusteeship Council is authorised to examine and discuss reports on political, economic, social and educational advancement of the peoples of Trust Territories and undertake consultation with the Administering Authority. However this organ was dismissed in 2009. The International Court of Justice, located in the Netherlands, is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It settles legal disputes between states and gives advisory opinions to the UN. The final organ of the UN is the Secretariat. The Secretariat carries out the day-to-day work of the UN including administering peacekeeping operations and surveying both economic and social trends.

Australia has demonstrated a commitment to the UN spanning more than 65 years. As a founding member, we fought for the inclusion of the economic, social and development provisions of the UN Charter, and for all states (no matter their size) to be treated equally....
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