Ivory Coast Political Unrest

Topics: World War II, Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Côte d'Ivoire Pages: 6 (1716 words) Published: June 15, 2014
The West African nation of the Ivory Coast was once a place for prosperity for the region. A crisis was set off in November 2010, when the ex-president, Laurent Gbagbo, refused to accept his defeat in a democratic presidential election he had postponed for years. Despite declarations and sanctions released by regional leaders along with the Untied Nations, Gbagbo clung to power and refused to recognize Alassane Quattara as the winner. A violent stalemate followed, as Mr. Gbagbo used security forces to terrorize citizens in the former capital of Abidjan. The United Nations became involved, and made a surprising successful intervention leading to the capture of Mr. Gabagbo and an end to another potential bloody civil war. The Ivory Coast can have a successful democracy but they first must better unify their decaying states and integrate themselves in the international economy. With the failure of the United Nations to control the Rwanda genocide, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization provided sufficient military support for the Untied Nations to remove Laurent Gbagbo from power.  

When imperialism was at its peak in the 19th century throughout Europe the Ivory Coast was one of many African nations imperialized. Although the early history of the Ivory Coast isn’t well known, it has been speculated that a Neolithic culture existed before the arrival and control of French colonial rule. Many early contacts of European crusaders were constricted due to the barren coastlines, fear of the inhabitants, and fear of diseases such as malaria and other parasitic diseases. Eventually towards the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century the country of Ivory Coast was invaded placing its territories under a French colony (1). As French explorers, soldiers, and European trading companies expanded their influence throughout the Ivory Coast, the country gradually extended geographically. In 1893, the Ivory Coast officially became a French colony and Captin Binger, who had explored the Gold Coast frontier, was named the first governor. From 1904 to 1958, it was a colony and an overseas territory under the French Third Republic. From 1904 to 1958, it was a colony and an overseas territory under the French Third Republic. Before the period following World War II governmental affairs of the colonized West African nations were managed from Paris. France's policy in West Africa was reflected mainly in the idea and philosophy of a social Darwinism, meaning that all Africans in Ivory Coast were officially French subjects without rights to citizenship and were recognized as inferior beings. African loyalty during World War II led to far-reaching governmental reforms in 1946. French citizenship was granted to all African people, the right to organize politically was recognized, and various forms of forced labor were abolished. In December 1958 the Ivory Coast was officially recognized as an autonomous republic and then in 1960 became an independent nation. The years following the Ivory Coast’s independence in 1960 were full of military and rebel coups, government corruption, and an overall scramble for power. However the Ivory Coast did initially experience prosperity for an extensive period of time under the reign of Felix Houphouet-Boigny.. Felix Houphouet-Boigny, the country’s first and only successful President was in power from independence until his death in December 1993, Ivory Coast maintained political loyalty to the West during this time. While many countries throughout the region of Africa were undergoing military coups, experimenting with communalism, and developing relationships with nations such as the Soviet Union and China Felix Houphouet-Boigny remained focused on bringing prosperity to the Ivory Coast. He slowly developed political and economic collaboration with the people of Ivory Coast in order to put the Ivory Coast on the right path, still maintaining the idea of not becoming involved with the conflicts of...
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