The International Court Of Justice
February 15th, 2014
The international court of justice, (also known as the world court and the ICJ), is the main judiciary section of the UN. It is where countries get tried for crimes against the International Law , like genocide and border breaking. The icj was created by the UN charter in 1945 as a successor to the permanent court of international justice. The icj is located in the peace palace in the hague, it aims to resolve legal issues between countries and give them advice about resolving disputes.
The ICJ is made up of fifteen judges nominated by the permanent court of arbitration and elected for nine years by the UNGA and the UNSC . It works by the 'statute of the ICJ' which contains written laws that govern the actions and decisions taken by the icj. The Statute of the ICJ contains 5 chapters that bind all 193 UN member states which are ipso facto parties , states that are not UN members can also become parties to the statute.
There are two types of cases that face the ICJ, advisory opinions and contentious cases.Jurisdiction is often a crucial question for the Court in contentious cases. The key principle is that the ICJ has jurisdiction only on the basis of consent.
According to the ICJ official UN website jurisdiction article, " The International Court of Justice acts as a world court. The Court has a dual jurisdiction : it decides, in accordance with international law, disputes of a legal nature that are submitted to it by States (jurisdiction in contentious cases); and it gives advisory opinions on legal questions at the request of the organs of the United Nations or specialized agencies authorized to make such a request (advisory jurisdiction)."
While deciding cases, the court applies international law like international conventions, international customs, and the general principles of law recognized by civilized nations and also teachings of...
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