To be homeless does not only mean that a person is without a house, lives on the street or the shelter. A homeless person can equally be someone without access to secure occupancy protection against bad weather, personal security, access to sanitary facilities and potable water, education, work and health services. Homelessness is the condition of people and social category of people who do not have a regular house or dwelling because they cannot afford, pay for or otherwise maintain regular, safe and adequate housing.
Functionalists see the world as “objectively real”. Functionalism is the oldest and still the
dominant perspective. The functionalist theory attempts to explain various ways in which
sections of the society meet their various demands.
Many people think homelessness is an achieved status; they see homelessness as a result of
poor work ethics or irresponsible lifestyle choices but from a functionalist perspective
homelessness can be considered as an ascribed status of some one’s life. Meaning people
who are homeless are not there because of choice. No body chooses to be homeless,
cicumstances beyond their control make them homeless and thus functionalist would regard
homelessness as a dysfunction of our society.
There are many factors that can contribute to the social problem of homelessness:
Lack of affordable housing
People have hard time paying for housing despite working often times more than one
job at a time. There are many places where someone working for minimum wage or
even above it will not be able to afford decent housing. This lack of affordable
housing lead many people into homelessness.
Lack of jobs
Many people lose their homes after they lose their jobs. Once unemployed many people are unable to pay their mortgages and end up...
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