Anyone including, adults, teenagers, and children can become homeless for many reasons. It is sad to see a person without a home. Homeless people are a part of the vulnerable populations. They are a part of the vulnerable population because they are more accessible to diseases and unhealthy living environments because they do not have shelter, food, clean water, or access to health care. This paper will explain variables related to vulnerability for this vulnerable population, including age, gender, race, income, education, and an analysis that affects multiple variables on the population selected in terms of morbidity, mortality, and health.
When it comes to homeless people, age is just a number. Anyone can become homeless at any age. In general, “based on data from a variety of sources, it appears that approximately 1 million men, women, and children may not have a place to call home on any given night, and two to three times as many are in this situation at some point during the year” (Aday, 2003). Wow, these statistics are pretty scary just knowing that number is upsetting. According to Aday (2003), “children and youth are an increasingly visible and vulnerable component of the homeless population. An estimated 68,000 to 100,000 children are thought to be homeless at any given time. Homeless children are much more likely to experience physical, mental, emotional, educational, developmental, and behavioral problems and less likely to have obtained basic preventive health care services, such as immunizations, compared to children who are not homeless”. Homeless children do not get the necessities they need to develop appropriately.
Other than children, older adults are also more vulnerable in the homeless community. Just like children, older adults have weaker immune system, which makes them more accessible to disease. “Older homeless people are especially vulnerable because of their age, but for many, their vulnerability is...
References: Aday, L.A. (2003). At risk in America: The health and health care needs of vulnerable populations in the United States. (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. ISBN: 9780787949860
Center for AIDS Prevention (2005) What are homeless persons’ HIV prevention needs? Retrieved on September 17, 2012, retrieved from: http://caps.ucsf.edu/factsheets/homeless-persons/
Hart-Shegos (1999) Homelessness and its Effects on Children. Retrieved on September 17, 2012, from: http://www.fhfund.org/_dnld/reports/SupportiveChildren.pdf
National Coalition for the Homeless (2009) Who is Homeless? Gender. Retrieved September 17, 2012, from: http://www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/who.html
Pannell, J & Palmer G. (2004) Coming of Age: Opportunities for Older Homeless People Under Supporting People. Retrieved on September 17, 2012, retrieved from: http://www.npi.org.uk/files/New%20Policy%20Institute/homelessness%20older%20people.pdf
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