The societal problem that I’m studying is Homeless Veterans and how they affect our society. Homeless veterans affect many aspects of society: According to the SLO Homeless web site, the economic impact, operating and maintaining homeless support services programs such as homeless shelters, day centers, homeless medical services and so forth are costly ventures. Is never enough funds to cover every single homeless veteran, this in turn means that many homeless are forced to seek alternate methods of getting their basic needs met. Subsequently, those homeless who cannot find employment will turn to recycling or panhandling as a means of putting money in their pockets. There is also an environmental impact that homeless veterans has on a society, since most communities do not have anywhere near the amount of supportive resources needed for the numbers of homeless in their areas, the homeless will be forced to find alternate places to live and sleep. In more urbanized areas, this could be in the doorways of businesses after closing hours, behind buildings, public benches, bus shelters, or building hallways. Since every person has a need to heed the call of nature, and because many businesses deny the homeless the use of bathroom facilities, the homeless are forced to use whatever convenient location they may find to tend to those needs. Abstract Background: The purpose of this report is to evaluate the risk of homelessness among veterans as compared to non-veterans, and to ascertain whether the exceptionally high risk of homelessness among post-Vietnam era veterans first observed in 1987 was still evident one decade later. Method: Data from the 1996 National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients and the 1996 Current Population Survey were used to examine the risks of homelessness among veteran men as compared to non-veteran men, stratified by age and race.
Results: The present results show that the cohort of veterans aged 20–34 that was most at risk in the 1980 s, although no longer the youngest, still has the highest risk for homelessness. In 1996, the youngest cohort of veterans is also over-represented, but not to the extent found among young men 10 years before. Veterans over the age of 55 showed no increased risk of homelessness as compared to non-veterans. Conclusions: The observed cohort effect, which demonstrates an especially high risk of homelessness among veterans of the immediate post- Vietnam era, even as they age, may reflect the continuing influence of the early problems in recruiting for the All Volunteer Force (AVF). In contrast to the national draft, which promised a fair representation of the entire population of draft-eligible young men, the AVF also had the potential to attract young men with fewer alternative opportunities. This article presents evidence that the likelihood of veteran homelessness appears to be related both to youth and to era of service. However, the immediate post-Vietnam era cohort continues to be at greatest risk for homelessness. As the authors of the earlier report suggested, this probably reflects the influence of the All Volunteer Force and the reduction of veterans’ benefits for non-wartime service. If this cohort effect continues, then by 2006 the over-representation of veterans among the homeless should be highest in the age group 45–54. The author of this article states that lack of formal and informal supports may also play a role. In terms of formal supports, the increased risk of homelessness that was identified among younger veterans may reflect an unmet need for in-patient care. Thus, homelessness associated with psychiatric disability, substance abuse, or both, might be explained by the closing of mental health in-patient beds in the VA system. However, this is unlikely to be a factor, as several recent studies have failed to demonstrate adverse effects associated with VA bed closures. An alternative interpretation is that...
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