Running Head: HOMELESSNESS
Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Policy
Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Policy
Homelessness is a prime concern of some major policies. Broad range of definitions has been used to classify the people in homeless category under relative categorization of poverty. Change in classification criteria has increased the number of people who are viewed as homeless. This requires reassessment of criteria to define the people who need to be viewed in homelessness category. Homeless people are classified based on the access to proper housing, low-cost housing construction policies, and the quantity of funds given to them (Borchard, Kurt, 2005). To classify people under these factorial dimensions is a divisive task. All sociologists agree that homelessness is a social problem in need of a remedy. Assessment on the basis of these dimensions does not define clear path of resources allocation, funding, and services to be given to control problem (Borchard, Kurt, 2005).
Homelessness has existed in various forms for centuries, as have general tensions between homeless people and the rest of society. In the late 1800s formerly transient workers from the railroad and lumber industries settled into U.S. cities as those labor sectors shrank. This trend caused reaction from local residents and city governments in the form of “ugly laws” meant to manage the problem of vagrancy. Still, the number of homeless people, particularly those living on the street, remained relatively low through the 1960s (Borchard, Kurt, 2005). In the mid-1970s homelessness began to increase as inflation raised, real-dollar wages began to decline, and manufacturing jobs disappeared at an alarming rate. In the 1980s federal funding cuts for low-income housing caused a decline in single-room occupancies and exacerbated the growing problem of homelessness. While in earlier periods homelessness was often connected to migratory employment, economic shifts, particularly in the 1970s, signaled the rise of homelessness connected to static unemployment (Borchard, Kurt, 2005).
Homelessness is a serious problem in US that requires considerable attention at state and at national level. Considerable measures have been taken by government in past few decades to control the homelessness as dramatic increase has been observed in the homelessness condition (Borchard, Kurt, 2005). This paper examines the homelessness in perspective of self-reliance and resilience approach that is shown by people to manage themselves in difficult situations instead of relying on external forces. This paper addresses the homelessness in context of ‘universalistic’ welfare system. The aim is to demonstrate the inherent dimensions of the personal reliance and how it is influenced by the policies and practices of homeless people. Specifically, focus is placed on the role of the self-reliance and resilience in homelessness context (Borchard, Kurt, 2005).
Homelessness, gentrification, and the displacement of the urban poor have become major issues in public policy debates over the last decade. Homelessness is a crucial social problem skeptical to the role of state and their concern towards public welfare. It is often viewed as result of interwoven systemic and personal problems (Borchard, Kurt, 2005). Government bodies suggest that the main cause of increasing homelessness among its citizen is the increasing gap between income level and housing costs. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development stated that country is now passing through worst-case housing needs period at an all-time high rate. However, few public and private agencies see reductions in chronic homelessness conditions prevailing across country. Homelessness is increasing in families having large family size and considerable low income below poverty threshold. This family segment is the rapidly increasing segment...
References: Borchard, Kurt, (2005), “The Word on the Street: Homeless Men in Las Vegas”, University of Nevada Press.
Casey, L., (2009), “Homeless plight from 1930s to today depicted in S.F. art exhibit”, Oakland Tribune.
Donahoe, M., (2009), “Homelessness in the United States: History, Epidemiology, Health Issues, Women, and Public Policy”, Women’s Health in Context.
Mcfee, J., (2009), “Putting a face to homelessness; 'We 're human beings, and we should be treated as such”, Coquitlam Now, 1.
Mckitrick, C., (2006), “Aid to impoverished at risk”, The Salt Lake Tribune.
Moore, D., (2010), “A new beginning and an old controversy Once-Homeless Vets Living in Loft District”, St. Louis Post – Dispatch.
Nevius, C., (2007), “Homeless, especially vets, in dire need of eye care”, San Francisco Chronicle.
Nieto, G., Gittelman, M., Abad, A., (2008), "Homeless Mentally Ill Persons: A bibliography review", International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 12(2).
Salters, I., (2009), “Individuals should lend helping hand to homeless”, Detroit News.
Umble, A., (2008), “Brief: Homeless numbers rise slightly here tallying those without a home: area homelessness on the rises”, McClatchy-Tribune Business News.
Woolhouse, Megan, (2007), "Homes for the holiday: Housing agency, nonprofit team up to help the homeless", Boston Globe.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document