Health Campaign Part I
April 1, 2013
Dr. Michelle D. Rose, PhD, MHA, MPH
Health Campaign Part I
Beginning in 1980, the Untied States initiated a 10-year plan delineating marked national health goals considered achievable during each 10-year period. The dynamism of these initiatives includes the integration of the medical care with health promotion and education, disease prevention, integration of individual, and community health care needs, and provision of increased access to integrated health care services. The identified health goals established from the coalition of the various federal and state organizations in subservience of the leadership of the United States (US) Surgeon General. Healthy People (HP) 2010 inaugurated in 2000 identified important tools to help improve the health of the diverse groups of American populations. The distinction between the HP 2000 and HP 2010 includes the provision of exceptional preventive treatments, vaccines, pharmaceuticals, and enhanced surveillance, and data processes. The Department of Health and Human Services (DHS) outlined HP 2010 framework to achieve two encompassing goals. First goal identified is to increase the individual’s quality, and years of a healthy life. Second goal identified is to eliminate health disparities among the diverse groups of the American populations. There are 28 focus health areas with diabetes as the fifth focus area in line (Shi & Singh, 2008). Diabetes is a chronic disease condition characterized by an increase in the blood sugar level (normal blood levels of 80-120 mg/dl and HgbA1c of < 6%). There are three types of diabetes. Type I usually accounts for 5% of the cases diagnosed, which occur at a young age because of autoimmune, genetic, or environmental factors. Type II diabetes usually accounts for approximately 95% of the cases diagnosed in adults. Gestational diabetes diagnosed as a result of pregnancy 2% to10% of pregnant women. Etiology of the disease process includes the inability of an individual to produce enough insulin in the body or the inability of the body to use its insulin effectively. Uncontrolled blood sugar level in the body can lead to serious health complications, such as diabetic retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy, and eventually death. Diabetes considered also as the dominant cause of heart disease, and stroke. Medical expenses averaged more than twice as high for an individual without diabetes. The conjectured expenses of diabetes treatment and management in the United States amounted to $174 billion in 2007 (“Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,” 2012). According to research studies, type II diabetes is increasing vastly during the past three decades. There are currently 171 million Americans affected with this chronic disease condition as compared with 35 million Americans in 1985. Researchers postulated that the environment play a vital role in the growing incidence of type II diabetes because genetic influence considered unlikely to cause an enormous change in a short duration. Researchers assimilated also the epidemic of diabetes with the global epidemic of obesity, which means that the same genetic factors combined with a sedentary lifestyle, and unhealthy food intake will contribute both to obesity, and diabetes (Schulze & Hu, 2005). HP 2010 focus area on diabetes demonstrates the conglomeration in the knowledge about diabetes during this decade. The advancement in research studies and thorough analysis of the disease condition, which includes the disturbing gaps in diabetes management provided a more conclusive description of the imminent challenges of diabetes. In addition, the embodiment of 17 definitive diabetes goals and the outlining of essential related goals ameliorated a more meaningful inference of the complexities of diabetes. The inclusion of process objectives in the diabetes focus area allows decisions about advancement in diabetes...
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