HCA 305 Week 5 Final Paper 1

Topics: Health economics, Health care, Health insurance Pages: 11 (2873 words) Published: November 26, 2014

Kimberly Harris
HCA 305
Instructor: Keleigh Reyes
November 15, 2014

For this paper I chose to compare and contrast two countries; that of the United States health care system and Canada’s health care system. The United States is considered to have the most expensive health care system. This system dates all the way back to World War II. In health care, Canada and the United States is different in many ways compared to how they use to be at one time. There are problems in each country that lies within the major stakeholders of the health care system and what things can be done to make it less expensive for patients. Also, in this paper there will be discussions on the statement of the problems, the history of the problems, describing the role of the stakeholders in the problem, sharing how the P.P.A.C.A. and other federal policies have attempted to address this issue, as well as, recommendations on what should be done to address this issue. The first to be done is to discuss the major problem of our health care system which happens to be the price. There was an article written in 2010, which shows that 17% of our Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was spent on health care. According to this article, it is supposed to increase by 18% by the year 2018 (Crissy, Larimer, Furnas, Spencer, 2010). One may ask the question: What is Gross Domestic Product? As found in the English dictionary, the definition is “the total market values of goods and services produced by workers and capital within a nation’s border during a given period of time” (English Dictionary online). In my opinion this more or less means that the cost of health care is rising, and the coverage is declining. Patients will have a hard time paying out-of-pocket in seeking care for their sickness. Therefore, patients will end up dropping that insurance coverage because of the expensiveness of the insurance. If patients choose to see their provider, it will probably be for emergencies only, which may result in higher medical bills. Then, patients will feel like they have to file bankruptcy due to the rising cost of medical bills. Due to this fact; there will be a domino effect which will hurt the hospitals and providers due to this happening. As I did research about this matter, if the patient files bankruptcy the hospital and providers are not reimbursed for the care they provided. This in turn will make the hospital or providers go into debt, or the debt will be passed on to patients who are covered and will pay the charges. How did health care in America get to be so expensive? Well, after doing some research, it all started after World War II. What the government did was to put a hold on all wages and companies had to abide by this law. Due to this matter, companies began offering health care benefits to their employees (Allen, 2010). Obviously, it was to have better coverage and least expensive coverage for the employees. Through all of this with the discovery of new technology, new medicines, and different types of vaccines, the price of health care ended up rising. In other words, due to the high priced procedures and medicines, employers/patients that had based insurance premiums along with co-pays which went up for them both. Due to the rising price people began dropping their coverage (Allen, 2010). This brings up the part to compare and contrast the United States health care system against Canada’s health care system. Perhaps the most troubling dissimilarity between the U.S. and Canadian healthcare systems is the variance amount spent on administration. To access Canada's health care system one must first apply for a provincial health card. “The accessing of the health care system excludes inmates, the Canadian Armed Forces and certain members of the RCMP. According to Canada’s Health Care Act, all residents of a province or territory have to be accepted for health coverage. There is a waiting...

References: Allen, F. (2012) Fixing Our Health Care System Evening Post 284(5), 44
Beaussier, A
Blackstone, E. A., & Fuhr, J. J. (2007). Redefining Health Care: Creating Value-Based Competition on Results. Atlantic Economic Journal, 35(4), 491-501. doi:http://dx.doi.org.proxy-library.ashford.edu/10.1007/s11293-007-9091-9
Crissy, F., Larimer, G
PORTER, M. E., & LEE, T. H. (2013). THE STRATEGY THAT WILL FIX HEALTH CARE. Harvard Business Review, 91(10), 50-70.
Sultz, H.A. & Young, K.M. (2012). Health Care USA: Understanding its organization and delivery (7th Ed). San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
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