THE CONCEPT OF GLOBAL HEALTH AND THE 10/90 GAP
“pneumonia , diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis, and malaria when combined have been estimated to account for more then 20% of the disease burden in the world(mostly in developing countries), yet they receive less than 1% of the total public and private funds which are devoted to health and research.”
Global health is the health of the population in a global context and transcends the perspectives and concerns of individual nations. Global health implies a global perspective on public health. It has been described as the area of study, research and practice that places a priority in improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide. It is about worldwide improvement of health, reduction of disparities and protection against global threats that disregard national boarders. The World Health Organization, WHO, is the major international agency for health. Other agencies include UNICEF, World Food Programme (WFP), and the World Bank. Global Health focuses on determinants of health in international contexts from several perspectives, such as: medicine, public health, epidemiology, demography and economics. Working in global health also raises the ethical and human rights consideration about the causes of justifications and solutions of health inequities. It is important to take a form of an interdisciplinary approach to global health problems, which are often multi-faceted in nature. Health is a very broad concept, it is not a biological phenomenon, but is also influenced by numerous social, economical, and political determinants. To anyone working in global health, the 10/90 gap is a very familiar problem. The 10/90 gap refers to the statistical finding of the global forum for health research, one that only 10 percent of worldwide expenditure on health research and development is devoted to the problems that primarily affect the poorest 90% of the world’s population. Adding to this disparity is...
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