From WID to GAD: Conceptual Shifts in the Women and Development Discourse Shahrashoub Razavi Carol Miller
Occasional Paper 1, February 1995
United Nations Research Institute for Social Development United Nations Development Programme
The United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) is an autonomous agency that engages in multi-disciplinary research on the social dimensions of contemporary problems affecting development. Its work is guided by the conviction that, for effective development policies to be formulated, an understanding of the social and political context is crucial. The Institute attempts to provide governments, development agencies, grassroots organizations and scholars with a better understanding of how development policies and processes of economic, social and environmental change affect different social groups. Working through an extensive network of national research centres, UNRISD aims to promote original research and strengthen research capacity in developing countries. Current research themes include Crisis, Adjustment and Social Change; SocioEconomic and Political Consequences of the International Trade in Illicit Drugs; Environment, Sustainable Development and Social Change; Integrating Gender into Development Policy; Participation and Changes in Property Relations in Communist and Post-Communist Societies; and Political Violence and Social Movements. UNRISD research projects focused on the 1995 World Summit for Social Development include Rethinking Social Development in the 1990s; Economic Restructuring and Social Policy; Ethnic Diversity and Public Policies; and The Challenge of Rebuilding War-torn Societies. A list of the Institute’s free and priced publications can be obtained from the Reference Centre.
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The Fourth World Conference on Women, to be held in Beijing in September 1995, provides an opportunity for the world community to focus attention on areas of critical concern for women worldwide — concerns that stem from social problems embracing both men and women, and that require solutions affecting both genders. One of the main objectives of the Conference is to adopt a platform for action, concentrating on some of the key areas identified as obstacles to the advancement of women. UNRISD’s work in preparation for the Fourth World Conference on Women focuses on two of the themes highlighted by the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women: · inequality in women’s access to and participation in the definition of economic structures and policies and the productive process itself; and · insufficient institutional mechanisms to promote the advancement of women. The...
Bibliography: __________ Women, International Development, and Politics: The Bureaucratic Mire, Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 1990. __________ Getting Institutions Right: Crossing the Mainstreaming Women, UNRISD mimeo, 1994. Threshold to
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