EAL eassy

Topics: United Nations, United Nations Security Council, Gross domestic product Pages: 7 (1490 words) Published: May 18, 2014
Arguments against Australia reducing its foreign aid(反对方)

1. Reducing foreign aid is a denial of Australia's humanitarian tradition It has been argued that Australia's democratic, humanitarian society depends on a respect for the rights of others. It has further been argue that this respect for human rights cannot be displayed in isolation. If we seek to advance the rights and wellbeing of our own citizens, we should seek to do this on an international level. Foreign aid enables us to do this. On September 15, 2013, Joe McKenzie, an editor of the University of Technology Sydney's student magazine, Vertigo, stated, '...we live in a democratic society that is centred around protecting the rights of its citizens through all of its institutions. And as a free and democratic society we have an obligation to be concerned with the dignity of other human beings; an obligation that extends beyond "strategy" and "niceness" and that is instead an application of the values that actually bind us together as a polity. It has been claimed that many Australians will be ashamed at the selfishness and indifference being displayed by their country's government. John Brown, a specialist who has worked in the field of foreign aid for 30 years has stated, 'Australians who pride themselves on a fair go, generosity and a commitment to global justice and leadership are ashamed by the government's decisions on aid. We have the means to help, so let us pull our weight, partner others who wish to see a better world and play our role as a good global citizen. The electorate may well care much more about people living in poverty than the new government understands.'

2. Australia's foreign aid has made an important difference in the lives of those living in poorer nations Opponents of a reduction in Australia's foreign aid claim that altering aid policy runs the risk of undermining the achievements gained so far. Australia's Catholic bishops have noted that extreme poverty has been halved since 1990, from 47 per cent of humanity to 24 per cent by 2008, and about 14,000 lives a day have been saved by aid and development in this time. Dr Helen Szoke, Oxfam Australia's Chief Executive, has noted, 'We know...that still 1 in 8 people go to bed hungry every night. There's still a job to be done and what we were hoping was that with a bipartisan commitment we'd be able to continue the momentum to actually doing that job and that will now be slowed down.' Dr Szoke has further noted, 'In any one year there will be over 2 million children who will be vaccinated, there will be 2 million people who will have access to safe water, there will be over 1 million children enrolled in schools. If you think about if that slowed that down then you can kind of see the knock on effect of that change.'

3. Australia's wealth does not justify a reduction in foreign aid Australia is a very wealthy nation, one far wealthier than the majority of other nations in our region and far wealthier than those countries to which we give aid. On September 15, 2013, Joe McKenzie, an editor of the University of Technology Sydney's student magazine, Vertigo, stated, 'Foreign aid is...about justifying the preposterous wealth (both economic and otherwise) of the society that we live in. Australians enjoy an incredibly high standard of living, with a relative abundance of wealth particularly when compared to our geographic neighbours. The idea that we cannot afford to spend a fraction of this wealth improving the lives of the poor is utter nonsense.' John Ferguson, executive officer of the Australian Catholic Social Justice Council, has claimed that the Coalition policy is unworthy of a civilised nation. Mr Ferguson has stated, 'Twenty per cent of the world's poorest live in our region. It's clear that Australia is the rich man and Lazarus is at our gates.' This is a reference to Jesus' story of the rich man and the sore-covered beggar Lazarus in the Gospel of Luke. Mr Ferguson...
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