I am thankful to Allah almighty who gave me the strength, wisdom and the ability to complete this project well on time. This project is a detailed study about the disputed territories under International law. This project is submitted to Maam Samrna Afzal. It is an invidual based assignment. A lot of effort is required to complete this project and have provided support and help from our mentor Maam Samrana Afzal. My project data is based on different sources majorly from net and books. I would like to thank my teacher Ma’am Samrana Afzal for her help and support in this project.
I would like to dedicate this project to
For their Help, Support and Guidance for me to become Honorable and Educated Citizen.
DISPUTED TERRITORIES: INTERNATIONAL LAW PERSPECTIVE
When it comes to territorial disputes across the globe, the list is long and ever-changing. There are now more than 150 disputes under way that involve territory, mostly in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific region, but also in Europe and the Americas. Some disputes are on the distant horizon (Antarctica), some are long-simmering (Jammu and Kashmir), and others—like Crimea—are at their boiling point. In this assignment I will going to explain different case studies, which includes certain types of disputes like border disputes which are notoriously difficult to resolve. International law does not contain a clear, prioritized set of norms—established through international conventions or jurisprudence—for determining national sovereignty over territory in the face of competing factual claims (e.g., based on cultural, ethnic, historical, religious, and other political, economic, and social factors). Governments are unwilling to “lose” boundary disputes since they might suffer political consequences as well as loss to national interests. 2. Introduction:
A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more territorial entities or over the possession or control of land, usually between a new state and the occupying power. Territorial disputes are often related to the possession of natural resources such as rivers, fertile farmland, mineral or oil resources although the disputes can also be driven by culture, religion and ethnic nationalism. Territorial disputes result often from vague and unclear language in a treaty that set up the original boundary. Territorial disputes are a major cause of wars and terrorism as states often try to assert their sovereignty over a territory through invasion, and non-state entities try to influence the actions of politicians through terrorism. International law does not support the use of force by one state to annex the territory of another state. The UN Charter says:
"All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations." Territorial disputes have significant meaning in the international society, both because it is related to the fundamental right of states, sovereignty, and also because it is important for international peace. International law has significant relations with territorial disputes because territorial disputes tackles the basis of international law; the state territory. International law is based on the 'persons' of international law, which requires a 'defined territory' as mentioned in the Montevideo convention of 1933. Therefore, the breach of a country's borders or territorial disputes pose a threat to a state's very sovereignty and the right as a person of international law. In addition, territorial disputes are sometimes brought upon the International Court of Justice, as was the case in Costa Rica and Nicaragua (2005). Territorial disputes cannot be separated from international law,...
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Retrieved from May 1, 2014, from http://www.justvision.org/glossary/international-law-and-%E2%80%9Coccupied%E2%80%9D-%E2%80%9Cdisputed%E2%80%9D-territory-debate
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