Counterterrorism

Topics: Terrorism, United Nations, United Nations General Assembly Pages: 1 (1884 words) Published: December 15, 2014
Delegation: Mexico
Committee: General Assembly
Topic: Counterterrorism

 
 

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The UN General Assembly has yet to establish a definition for the term “terrorism” due  to a lack of consensus among member states. States commonly disagree upon whether  non­violent acts can constitute terrorism, whether people have the right to resist foreign  occupation, and in what cases a state may legally employ its armed forces against civilians,  preventing them from creating a definition for the word “terrorism” in the General Assembly  (UN Background, 2014). The International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of  Terrorism, however, implies that terrorism constitutes, “any act intended to cause death or  serious bodily injury to a civilian, or to any other person not taking an active part in the  hostilities in a situation of armed conflict, when the purpose of such act, by its nature or context,  is to intimidate a population, or to compel a government or an international organization to do  or to abstain from doing any act”(UN International Convention for the Suppression of the  Financing of Terrorism, 2014). Furthermore, 12 UN international counter­terrorism conventions,  international customary law, the Geneva Conventions and the Rome Statutes prohibit virtually  all forms of terrorism (UN Terrorism, 2014). The General Assembly, however, has not been able  to compile the definitions of terrorism used in several UN conventions into one comprehensive  definition. This lack of a comprehensive definition for terrorism, according to the United  Nations, “undermines the normative and moral stance against terrorism and has stained the  United Nations image,” and it is a “political imperative” that a definition be established (UN  Terrorism, 2014).

The United Nations recognizes the following organizations as terrorist groups: Al­Nusra  Front, Al­Qaeda, Boko Haram, Caucasus Emirate, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and ...
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