Community Health Nursing

Topics: Health care, Public health, Nursing Pages: 6 (1908 words) Published: February 24, 2015
Darlene Claridad Lleno

A community health worker is one who provides basic community health care services for promotion of health, prevention of illness, simple treatment and rehabilitation. The services utilizes the philosophy, content, method and skills of public health care. While most nurses care for one patient at a time, public health nurses care for entire populations. By working with whole communities, public health nurses are able to educate people about health issues, improve community health and safety and increase access to care. Public health nurses:

Monitor health trends and identify health risk factors unique to specific communities. Set local priorities for health-related interventions to provide the greatest benefit to the most people. Advocate with local, state and federal authorities to improve access to health services for underserved communities. Design and implement health education campaigns and disease prevention activities, such as immunizations and screenings. Tell people about locally available health care programs and services to improve access to care. Educate and provide direct health care services to vulnerable and at-risk populations. Public health nurses believe a person's health is affected by many factors, including genetic makeup, lifestyle and environment. Instead of waiting for patients to come to the hospital with an illness, they go into communities to try and help people improve their health and prevent disease. For people who don't have access to care, public health nurses may also provide direct health care services, including preventive care, screening services and health education. Health education is a primary focus of public health nurses. Drawing on their training as registered nurses, public health nurses give people reliable, useful information about how to protect their health. In presentations at schools, community groups, senior centers and other local groups, public health nurses explain proper nutrition, demonstrate effective safety practices, promote early detection of common diseases, tell people how to care for disabled or ill family members and inform people about other important health issues. Their goal is to make health information easy to understand, so people can take greater control over their well-being. In low-income and rural communities, public health nurses also provide critical health care services. They immunize schoolchildren, provide pre-natal and well-baby care and teach the elderly how to stay safe and healthy at home. They also must be able to recognize and respond to potential health crises.


1.  Efficient
a. Plans with the people, organizes, conducts, direct health education activities according to the needs of the community. b. Knowledgeable about everything relevant to his practice; has the necessary skills expected of him.

2. Good listener
a. Hear what’s being said and what’s behind the words.
b. Always available for the participant to voice out their sentiments and needs.

3. Keen observer
a. Keep an eye on the proceedings, process and participants’ behavior.

4. Systematic
a. Knows how to put in sequence or logical order the parts of the session.

5. Creative/Resourceful
a. Uses available resources.

6. Analytical/Critical thinker
a. Decides on what has been analyzed.
7. Tactful
a. Brings about issues in smooth subtle manner.
b. Does not embarrass but gives constructive criticisms.

8. Knowledgeable 
a. Able to impart relevant, updated and sufficient input.

9. Open
a. Invites ideas, suggestions, and criticisms.
b. Involves people in decision making.
c. Accepts need for joint planning and decision relative to health care in a particular situation; not resistant to change.

10. Sense of humor
a. Knows how to place a touch of humor to keep audience alive.

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