Even after fifty-five years of independence, we are still struggling with the menace rampant in our society. One of such menace is “begging” which is responsible for major loss of productivity & manpower in the country. Beggars are like the living dead bodies that cannot be disposed off. Begging is considered as an offence by the Bombay Prevention of Begging Act, 1959. This act is applicable in Delhi too. Though, right to primary education has been included as a fundamental right in our Constitution, rights of destitute & child beggars, to proper educational & vocational training are not considered as fundamental rights so far. Child begging is the embryo stage of begging. When a child enters the profession of begging, his only intention for it is to support his family financially. But gradually he develops as a beggar & loses his productivity. The problem here is the loss of productivity of the nation on account of child begging. The children of a country are considered as its future but when these children themselves resort to begging to fulfill their needs, what would be the future of that country. The present research is conducted on the Etiology of Child Begging. Associated with the problems of poverty and unemployment is the problem of beggary which is a social problem of great magnitude and grave concern in developing countries. Begging is a problem for society in as much as a large number of beggars means non utilization of available human resources and drag upon the existing resources of the society. There are some 60,000 beggars in Delhi, over 3, 00,000 in Mumbai according to a 2004 Action Aid report; nearly 75000 in Kolkata says the Beggar Research Institute; 56000 in Bangalore according to police records. In Hyderabad one in every 354 people is engaged in begging according to Council of Human Welfare in 2005. It is common to find beggars at rubbish dumbs, road sides, and traffic lights and under flyovers. The frail, crippled and mentally ill share space with children, women and able bodied men. Over 71% of Delhi's beggars are driven by poverty. More than 66% beggars are able -bodied. The survey reveals that begging as a livelihood wins over casual labour. For 96% the average daily income is Rs 80 more than what daily wage earners can make. Spending patterns also reveals a unique pattern: 27% beggars spend Rs 50-100 a day. There is no proper enumeration of beggars in the country. Moreover the number of women and children is ever increasing. The 1931 census mentioned just 16% women beggars. The figure shot up to 49% in 2001.There are 10 million street children many among who beg for livelihood.
OBJECTIVES The research on “child begging” is conducted to find out the reasons &causes behind it. The study also aims to find out the solution for its prevention. Our existing law is not clear about the position of child beggars and steps for prevention of child begging. Though the National Child Policy and Supreme Court laid emphasis on proper educational & vocational training to child beggars but the training facilities are not properly provided to the beggars. In most of the cases, child beggars are released without proper stipulated training mentioned in the Act. Further, even if the training is provided, it is insufficient & not useful for the child to get employment. There is no sincere attempt to provide employment to those children to make them self-dependant. Providing proper & useful educational & vocational training with honest intention can help the child beggars to get employment & become useful citizens of the society.
As this study is a non-doctrinal one and to be carried out in a very limited time with an intention to collect most authentic data, the research tool selected is interview schedule....
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