Canada’s Role in the
World From 1945-2000
Canada has played a very significant and valuable role in the world since 1945 and this vital role has continued to this very day. Canada is continually being viewed as a peacekeeping and peacemaking nation because of its efforts and contributions in organizations such as the UN, NATO and NORAD. These contributions have given Canada a much larger and more influential role on the world stage. Since 1945, Canada has been able to find a comfortable role in which it can exercise its middle-power status and still be recognized world wide for being a mediator and peacemaker.
Canada has made considerable contributions in organizations such as the UN, NATO and NORAD. The United Nations, or the UN, is an organization that promotes social and economic progress and peace world-wide. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO, was formed in 1949 and was focused on protecting Western countries from the threat of invasion by the Soviet Union. The North American Defence System, or NORAD, was an agreement created in 1957 between Canada and the US. This agreement was designed in order to meet and halt the possible threat of Soviet attack on North America.
The United Nations was formed in April of 1945 and consisted of 50 countries that all shared the same ideals and basic goals. The four basic goals of the United Nations are: keeping world peace and preventing new wars; improving the standard of living for all nations; encouraging cooperation among nations; and defending human rights and helping to promote equality. Canada has played an important role in the General Assembly, as well as the Security Council ever since gaining its own seat in 1948. Canada also played a crucial role in the drafting of the UN Charter. A Canadian man named John Humphrey is often given credit for drafting the Charter of the UN and Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson played a key role in solving many of the problems the UN faced. Lester Pearson even received the Nobel Peace Price for his efforts to resolve a major problem the UN faced—the Suez Crisis. Canada has been a strong supporter of the UN since its creation. Canada has aided refugees from war or natural disasters and worked on development projects in various underdeveloped communities. Canada has been, and will indefinitely continue to be, very involved and notably active as part of UN peacekeeping efforts.
While celebrating with Allied countries over the end of World War II, Canadians soon realized that they were about to become involved in another type of war—a war that was not fought on the battlefield. Almost immediately after WWII had ended, a Cold War broke out between the two superpowers of the world, the United States and the Soviet Union. It was a war fought over political differences, seeing as the Soviet Union was communist and the United States and most Western countries were capitalists. When the Soviets took over Eastern European countries and established communist governments there, many people began to fear the spread of communism in what became to be known as the Red Scare. In response to this Red Scare, Canada joined the US, Britain and many other Western European countries in a military alliance known as NATO. The NATO members agreed that, if conventional weapons were not sufficient enough, they would use nuclear weapons in order to protect the Western countries from the threat of invasion by the Soviets. Canada made a serious commitment by joining NATO because it agreed to keep a full army brigade and air squadrons in Europe, as well as building and supplying military bases overseas. Canada also played a serious role in NORAD by having three radar lines set up in order to detect Soviet planes and missiles and give early warnings of a Soviet attack. It also contributed $300 million dollars to help develop Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles.
Canada has also become involved in many international conflicts...
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