cafs study notes

Topics: Research, Homelessness, Sampling Pages: 13 (3342 words) Published: May 20, 2015
RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES
Notes
P15
Research fundamentals

The purpose of research, eg advance knowledge, increase understanding, educate others, inform practice P116

the focus of research, eg question/hypothesis

sampling P117
methods
sample group
sample size

Explore a variety of existing research projects/reports and consider the following questions: What was the focus question?
What was the same group size?
What type of data was collected
What sources of data were used?

types of data P120
primary and secondary
qualitative and quantitative

Describe the types of data that can be collected from individuals and groups

sources of data P121
individuals and groups
print and digital

Examine data from print and electronic sources to determine the key findings Discuss the advantages and limitations of each of the sources of data

reliability and validity P122

Explain how sampling contributes to reliable and valid data

ethical behavior P123
respect
integrity
privacy
bias

PESTSFR

assess the importance of ethical behaviors when conducting research by considering the following: sensitive research topics
confidentiality
research bias
crediting sources of data

Research methods P124
questionnaires

interviews

case studies

observations

literature reviews

COLIQ

Research process
planning for research
formulating a research proposal
managing resources, eg time, materials

conducting research
accessing sources of data
collecting and recording data
documenting actions and issues

interpreting research
presenting research findings
analysing research results
drawing conclusions from research

Methodologies are those strategies that are used by researchers to collect the data they need to answer their research question.

Purpose of research
Advance knowledge, increase understanding, educate others and inform practice. Research primarily attempts to describe or explain things… what, when, how or why.

Sampling The process of choosing the people, pace and time to collect primary data. Methods:
1. Random sampling
2. A systemic sampling
3. A stratified random sample
4. A cluster sample
5. Convenience sample.
Sample Groups:
identifying or deciding where the sample group is to be chosen from. eg: people from your specific community. Sample size: The number of particpants included in the research study. - When choosing a sampling method, it is necessary that they suit the purpose of the research project.

Types of data:
Primary Data that is collected firsthand by the researcher; the info obtained directly by observing behaviour or asking people questions through interviews or questionnaires. Secondary Data that has been gathered and recorded by someone else for eg: info acquired from the internet, videos, databases, reference and textbooks etc. Quantitative research for the collection and analysis of numerical data using statistics. It is used to describe existing conditions, investigate relationships between two or more variables and explore cause and effect relationships Qualitative research Relies on extensive observations and in-depth interviews that result in non – numerical. Data such as words, objects or pictures. It is often conducted in natural settings and does not control the settings it is in. Best suited to studies investigating human behaviour, opinions and values.

Sources of Data:
Individuals and groups can provide that is current and in real time. Print and digital sources can add depth and detail to the process that would not be possible if their data had to be personally sourced by the researcher. Print – Books, journals, magazines, newspapers and pamphlets. Digital – Internet, computer, TV and radio, websites.

Reliability
Achieving reliability requires researchers to be...
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