UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS AND MALAYSIA’S INVOLVEMENT
YBhg Dato,ladies and gentlemen. It is our pleasure to share some of our knowledge and experiences with you on United Nations Peacekeeping Operations and to highlight some of Malaysia’s involvement in these operations this morning.
To present an overview of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO) and highlighting Malaysia’s involvement in these operations
This presentation will dwell on the following agendas in brief:
The UN System
UN Peace and Security Spectrum
THE UN SYSTEM
The name, “United Nations” — coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt — was first used in the “Declaration by United Nations” of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers.
After the Second World War, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. Those delegates deliberated on the basis of proposals worked out by the representatives of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States at Dumbarton Oaks, United States, in August-October 1944. The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. Poland, which was not represented at the Conference, signed it later and became one of the original 51 Member States.
The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945 — when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and a majority of other signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year.
The UN has 193 sovereign States as its members. The United Nations is the instrument of all its Member States, which discuss common problems and make decisions by voting on major issues. The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter, are:
To maintain international peace and security
To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples
To cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems, and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedom
To be a centre for harmonising the actions of nations in attaining these common ends
The UN is an impartial organization, in which States from all around the world are equal Members. The impartiality and universality of the United Nations are key elements of its legitimacy. It is not necessary for all nations to be members of the UN. Based on a sovereign decision, a nation may opt to not be a member of the UN. An example is Switzerland, which became a member of the UN only in 2002.
The Charter also establishes an institutional framework that allows international cooperation in maintaining peace and harmony. Thus the UN is not a monolithic organization, it is the sum of all its parts. The UN has six main organs, namely: the Security Council, General Assembly, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice, Economic and Social Council, and last but not least, the Secretariat. It is also a composition of several Programmes and Funds, Specialized Agencies and organizations where each and every single entity plays important role. While principal organs act on political basis most of its funds, agencies and programmes are apolitical in nature especially when comes to humanitarian assistance projects.
(Source GPOI slide) The UN has a very good system that may handle all issues independently or in concert. With the provision setforth in the Charter the UN is able to be a very effective and efficient international organisation in this arnachic...
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