Global Politics

Topics: Sudan, United Nations, World Trade Organization Pages: 14 (3668 words) Published: September 19, 2013
Unit 3, Area of Study 1
Global Actors

Key Terms

Nation
Definition
* A nation is a group of people connected by a distinguishing common social feature, such as language or religion. A nation does not necessarily have a form of government or geographic borders.

Further explanation and example
* Some nations have their own state, such as China, while others, such as Tibet, form a nation through a common cultural characteristic, without having a state.

Key example
* Nations that seek statehood can often challenge the sovereignty of other states. One example of this is the Tibetan claims to independence from the People’s Republic of China. State
Definition
* A state is an organized political community with a recognized territory and a form of government that possess both internal and external sovereignty A state has a permanent population, defined territory and recognized sovereignty. States are not necessarily culturally homogenous.

Further explanation and example
* An example of a sate is Australia.

Key example
* Australia does not have a culturally homogenous population, but is still a state, as recognized by the UN. Sovereignty
Definition
* Sovereignty is the exclusive right to have full authority and power over a geographic region, group of people or oneself. For as state to have sovereignty, the government should have full control over internal affairs and is recognised by external powers to have such control.

Further explanation and example
* It’s the primary organizing principle of global politics which allows states the authority to represent their territorial entity. Sovereignty can be challenged either internally or externally, by way of changing borders, regional groupings or issues and crisis that require multilateral resolution. Power

Definition
* Power is the ability to have ones opinion heard or take action and to have said opinion or action create noticeable change.

Further explanation and example
* One type of power is military power, which is demonstrated through either threatened force or actual force. One example of threatened force is the 1600 missiles that China is pointing at Taiwan.

Global governance
Definition
* Institutions, rules, norms and legal arrangements that attempt to allow for cooperation, and the management of communication and relations between states.

Further explanation and example
* These organisations, such as the United Nations, may attempt to manage issues such as human rights or international conflict.

Key example
* One example of global governance taking effect is in resolution 1973 of the security council that allowed for military intervention in Libya, where R2P was enacted to protect the people of Libya for dictator Gadaffi. Multilateralism

Definition
* The pursuit of objectives in particular areas of global politics between three or more states.

Further explanation
* Multilateral action is required on issues that affect several states and if the action of one state alone is unable to solve the issue.

Key example
* One example was the UN approved NATO intervention in Libya.

Public opinion
Definition
* Sentiment shared by people.

Further explanation and example
* Public opinion can be an important factor in influencing foreign policy decisions of governments. Globalisation
Definition
* Globalization is the increase interconnectedness of the international community, and the acceleration of goods, services, labour and capital which promote global interdependence. Globalization has impacted heavily on political, economic, social and cultural life.

Key example
* One example of the affect of globalization is in the Arab Spring movement. Due to the internet, rebel groups were able to communicate and give advice as to the most effective strategies. It also allowed for more support to be built up internally and externally to the...
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