Topics: Learning, Knowledge, Education Pages: 2 (907 words) Published: October 31, 2014

Part of being an effective educator involves understanding how adults learn best (Lieb,1991). Andragogy (adult learning) is a theory that holds a set of assumptions about how adults learn. Andragogy emphasises the value of the process of learning. It uses approaches to learning that are problem-based and collaborative rather than didactic, and also emphasises more equality between the teacher and learner. Knowles identified the six principles of adult learning outlined below. Adults are internally motivated and self-directed

Adults bring life experiences and knowledge to learning experiences Adults are goal oriented
Adults are relevancy oriented
Adults are practical
Adult learners like to be respected
1. Adults are internally motivated and self-directed
Adult learners resist learning when they feel others are imposing information, ideas or actions on them (Fidishun, 2000). Your role is to facilitate a students' movement toward more self-directed and responsible learning as well as to foster the student's internal motivation to learn. As clinical educator you can :Set up a graded learning program that moves from more to less structure, from less to more responsibility and from more to less direct supervision, at an appropriate pace that is challenging yet not overloading for the student. Develop rapport with the student to optimise your approachability and encourage asking of questions and exploration of concepts. Show interest in the student's thoughts and opinions. Actively and carefully listen to any questions asked. Lead the student toward inquiry before supplying them with too many facts. Provide regular constructive and specific feedback (both positive and negative), Review goals and acknowledge goal completion

2. Adults bring life experiences and knowledge to learning experiences Adults like to be given opportunity to use their existing foundation of knowledge and experience gained from life experience, and apply it to their new...
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